How To Protect Your PC from being Hacked
- Turn off your computer when not using it, especially if you have an ‘always on’ internet connection.
- Get a firewall if you have a DSL or cable modem. Remember to keep the firewall always.
- Use a good Anti-virus program. Remember to use only one such software, as different programs use the same system resources & may conflict. Besides anti-virus program it is advisable to use a good anti-spyware and anti-malware program. Keep both your anti-virus and anti-spyware program up-to-date by regularly downloading latest updates.
- Turn off file and print sharing.
- Hackers count on the public being uninformed and use their ignorance to gain access to your system. Therefore, visit sites by your OS manufacturer to stay updated on security.
- Don’t visit chat rooms unless they are closed & you know the room administrator.
- Never open an e-mail attachment that ends in .DLL or .EXE, even if the e-mail is from your best friend. The only time you can open such an attachment is if you know exactly what’s in it.
- To outwit script-based viruses, ask an expert how you can open scripts in Notepad or wordpad. Then get someone who knows about Visual Basic (VB) to look at it before running it.
- Keep data private through encryption.
- If you’re not surfing & you see your modem lights flashing, a hacker could be testing for vulnerabilities.
Using a Strong Password
- A good password is one which is easily remembered but not easily guessable. It should be a secret, never written down, never saved in a file.
- When a website asks if it should be saved, say no. It is much safer not to save the username and password in the browser by disabling the auto-fill option.
- A password should have at least eight or more characters with an intelligent combination of letters, numbers and special characters. The letters should be a combination of uppercase and lowercase.
- Never use a password which is a word found in a dictionary. It should not have four or more letters found consecutively in the dictionary.